Location Type

US NGA Feature Designation Codes

On this codelist ‘category’ is used for the Feature Class.

External URL: http://geonames.nga.mil/namesgaz/

This is a Non-Embedded codelist.

Codes

Code Name Description Category URL
AIRQ abandoned airfield abandoned airfield S  
CMPQ abandoned camp abandoned camp S  
CNLQ abandoned canal abandoned canal H  
MFGQ abandoned factory abandoned factory S  
FRMQ abandoned farm abandoned farm S  
MNQ abandoned mine abandoned mine S  
MSSNQ abandoned mission abandoned mission S  
OILQ abandoned oil well abandoned oil well S  
PPQ abandoned police post abandoned police post S  
PPLQ abandoned populated place abandoned populated place P  
PRNQ abandoned prison abandoned prison S  
RRQ abandoned railroad abandoned railroad R  
RSTNQ abandoned railroad station abandoned railroad station S  
RSTPQ abandoned railroad stop abandoned railroad stop S  
STMQ abandoned watercourse a former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns H  
WLLQ abandoned well abandoned well H  
ADMD administrative division an administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level A  
ADMF administrative facility a government building S  
AGRC agricultural colony a tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement L  
AGRF agricultural facility a building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture S  
RESA agricultural reserve a tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development L  
SCHA agricultural school a school with a curriculum focused on agriculture S  
AIRB airbase an area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated S  
AIRF airfield a place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo S  
AIRP airport a place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo S  
AMTH amphitheater an oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space S  
STMA anabranch a diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream H  
ANCH anchorage an area where vessels may anchor H  
RDA ancient road the remains of a road used by ancient cultures R  
ANS ancient site a place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located S  
WALLA ancient wall the remains of a linear defensive stone structure S  
BLDA apartment building a building containing several individual apartments S  
AQC aquaculture facility facility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture S  
CNLA aqueduct a conduit used to carry water H  
ARCH arch a natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch S  
LAND Arctic land a tract of land in the Arctic L  
AREA area a tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries L  
ISLF artificial island an island created by landfill or diking and filling in a wetland, bay, or lagoon T  
RNGA artillery range a tract of land used for artillery firing practice L  
ASPH asphalt lake a small basin containing naturally occurring asphalt T  
ASTR astronomical station a point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies S  
ASYL asylum a facility where the insane are cared for and protected S  
ATHF athletic field a tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events S  
ATOL atoll(s) a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon T  
CTRA atomic center a facility where atomic research is carried out S  
BDLD badlands an area characterized by a maze of very closely spaced, deep, narrow, steep-sided ravines, and sharp crests and pinnacles T  
BSTN baling station a facility for baling agricultural products S  
ESTB banana plantation an estate that specializes in the growing of bananas S  
BAN bank an establishment for the custody, loan, exchange or issue of money, for the extension of credit, and for facilitating the transmission of funds S  
BNK bank(s) an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation H  
BAR bar a shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts T  
BRKS barracks a building for lodging military personnel S  
BTL battlefield a site of a land battle of historical importance L  
BAY bay a coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf H  
BAYS bays coastal indentations between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf H  
BCH beach a shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves T  
RDGB beach ridge a ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series T  
BCHS beaches a shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves T  
BCN beacon a fixed artificial navigation mark S  
BNCH bench a long, narrow bedrock platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody T  
BGHT bight(s) an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline H  
BLHL blowhole(s) a hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air T  
BLOW blowout(s) a small depression in sandy terrain, caused by wind erosion T  
BTYD boatyard a waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels S  
BOG bog(s) a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants H  
PSTB border post a post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods S  
BLDR boulder field a high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks T  
BP boundary marker a fixture marking a point along a boundary S  
BRKW breakwater a structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port S  
MFGB brewery one or more buildings where beer is brewed S  
BDG bridge a structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across S  
ZNB buffer zone a zone recognized as a buffer between two nations in which military presence is minimal or absent A  
BLDG building(s) a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc. S  
BUR burial cave(s) a cave used for human burials S  
BUSH bush(es) a small clump of conspicuous bushes in an otherwise bare area V  
CTRB business center a place where a number of businesses are located L  
BUTE butte(s) a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides T  
CARN cairn a heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes S  
CLDA caldera a depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain T  
CMP camp(s) a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use S  
CNL canal an artificial watercourse H  
CNLB canal bend a conspicuously curved or bent section of a canal H  
TNLC canal tunnel a tunnel through which a canal passes H  
STMC canalized stream a stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened H  
MFGC cannery a building where food items are canned S  
CNYN canyon a deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area T  
CAPE cape a land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction T  
PPLC capital of a political entity capital of a political entity P  
RTE caravan route the route taken by caravans R  
CSNO casino a building used for entertainment, especially gambling S  
CSTL castle a large fortified building or set of buildings S  
TNKD cattle dipping tank a small artificial pond used for immersing cattle in chemically treated water for disease control S  
CSWY causeway a raised roadway across wet ground or shallow water R  
CAVE cave(s) an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff S  
CMTY cemetery a burial place or ground S  
CHN channel the deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows H  
MNCR chrome mine(s) a mine where chrome ore is extracted S  
CH church a building for public Christian worship S  
CRQ cirque a bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley T  
CRQS cirques bowl-like hollows partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley T  
CLG clearing an area in a forest with trees removed L  
CFT cleft(s) a deep narrow slot, notch, or groove in a coastal cliff T  
CLF cliff(s) a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area T  
HSPC clinic a medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients S  
MNC coal mine(s) a mine where coal is extracted S  
COLF coalfield a region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur L  
CST coast a zone of variable width straddling the shoreline L  
STNC coast guard station a facility from which the coast is guarded by armed vessels S  
GRVC coconut grove a planting of coconut trees V  
SCHC college the grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning S  
CMN common a park or pasture for community use L  
COMC communication center a facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information S  
CTRCM community center a facility for community recreation and other activities S  
CNS concession area a lease of land by a government for economic development, e.g., mining, forestry L  
CONE cone(s) a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material T  
CNFL confluence a place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together H  
CRSU continental rise a gentle slope rising from oceanic depths towards the foot of a continental slope U  
CVNT convent a building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion S  
MNCU copper mine(s) a mine where copper ore is extracted S  
MFGCU copper works a facility for processing copper ore S  
RFC coral reef(s) a surface-navigation hazard composed of coral H  
CRRL corral(s) a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals S  
CRDR corridor a strip or area of land having significance as an access way T  
ESTC cotton plantation an estate specializing in the cultivation of cotton S  
HSEC country house a large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate S  
CTHSE courthouse a building in which courts of law are held S  
COVE cove(s) a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay H  
LKC crater lake a lake in a crater or caldera H  
LKSC crater lakes lakes in a crater or caldera H  
CRTR crater(s) a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action T  
CUET cuesta(s) an asymmetric ridge formed on tilted strata T  
CULT cultivated area an area under cultivation V  
CRNT current a horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity H  
CSTM customs house a building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared S  
PSTC customs post a building at an international boundary where customs and duties are paid on goods S  
CUTF cutoff a channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck H  
DARY dairy a facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products S  
DAM dam a barrier constructed across a stream to impound water S  
DEPU deep a localized deep area within the confines of a larger feature, such as a trough, basin or trench U  
DLTA delta a flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream T  
PCLD dependent political entity dependent political entity A  
DPR depression(s) a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage T  
DSRT desert a large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions T  
PPLW destroyed populated place a village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war P  
MNDT diatomite mine(s) a place where diatomaceous earth is extracted S  
DIKE dike an earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control S  
DIP diplomatic facility office, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d’affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission S  
HSPD dispensary a building where medical or dental aid is dispensed S  
STMD distributary(-ies) a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal H  
DTCH ditch a small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land H  
DTCHM ditch mouth(s) an area where a drainage ditch enters a lagoon, lake or bay H  
DVD divide a line separating adjacent drainage basins T  
DCK dock(s) a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships H  
DCKB docking basin a part of a harbor where ships dock H  
DCKY dockyard a facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships S  
BSND drainage basin an area drained by a stream L  
CNLD drainage canal an artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches H  
DTCHD drainage ditch a ditch which serves to drain the land H  
DCKD dry dock a dock providing support for a vessel, and means for removing the water so that the bottom of the vessel can be exposed S  
SBED dry stream bed a channel formerly containing the water of a stream T  
DUNE dune(s) a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand T  
RGNE economic region a region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes L  
SCRP escarpment a long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below T  
EST estate(s) a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities S  
ESTY estuary a funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences H  
STNE experiment station a facility for carrying out experiments S  
FCL facility a building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc. S  
CTRF facility center a place where more than one facility is situated S  
MFG factory one or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated S  
FAN fan(s) a fan-shaped wedge of coarse alluvium with apex merging with a mountain stream bed and the fan spreading out at a low angle slope onto an adjacent plain T  
FRM farm a tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture S  
PPLF farm village a populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities P  
FRMS farms tracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture S  
FRMT farmstead the buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm S  
FY ferry a boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody S  
FYT ferry terminal a place where ferries pick-up and discharge passengers, vehicles and or cargo S  
FLD field(s) an open as opposed to wooded area L  
FIRE fire station building housing firefighters and/or fire fighting equipment S  
ADM1 first-order administrative division a primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States A  
FISH fishing area a fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish H  
PNDSF fishponds ponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised H  
FSR fissure a crack associated with volcanism T  
FJD fjord a long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts H  
FJDS fjords long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arms of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts H  
FORD ford a shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle T  
RESF forest reserve a forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use L  
STNF forest station a collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management S  
FRST forest(s) an area dominated by tree vegetation V  
INLTQ former inlet an inlet which has been filled in, or blocked by deposits H  
MLSGQ former sugar mill a sugar mill no longer used as a sugar mill S  
FT fort a defensive structure or earthworks S  
FRSTF fossilized forest a forest fossilized by geologic processes and now exposed at the earth’s surface V  
FNDY foundry a building or works where metal casting is carried out S  
ADM4 fourth-order administrative division a subdivision of a third-order administrative division A  
ZNF free trade zone an area, usually a section of a port, where goods may be received and shipped free of customs duty and of most customs regulations S  
PCLF freely associated state freely associated state A  
DPOF fuel depot an area where fuel is stored S  
GAP gap a low place in a ridge, not used for transportation T  
GDN garden(s) an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life S  
GOSP gas-oil separator plant a facility for separating gas from oil S  
GASF gasfield an area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value L  
GATE gate a controlled access entrance or exit S  
GYSR geyser a type of hot spring with intermittent eruptions of jets of hot water and steam H  
GHAT ghāt a set of steps leading to a river, which are of religious significance, and at their base is usually a platform for bathing S  
GLCR glacier(s) a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses H  
MNAU gold mine(s) a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted S  
RECG golf course a recreation field where golf is played S  
GRGE gorge(s) a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley T  
GRSLD grassland an area dominated by grass vegetation V  
GRVE grave a burial site S  
GVL gravel area an area covered with gravel L  
GRAZ grazing area an area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing L  
GHSE guest house a house used to provide lodging for paying guests S  
GULF gulf a large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay H  
HLT halting place a place where caravans stop for rest S  
HMCK hammock(s) a patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups T  
AIRG hangar a covered and usually enclosed area for housing and repairing aircraft S  
VALG hanging valley a valley the floor of which is notably higher than the valley or shore to which it leads; most common in areas that have been glaciated T  
HBR harbor(s) a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships H  
HDLD headland a high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast T  
STMH headwaters the source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin H  
HTH heath an upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather V  
AIRH heliport a place where helicopters land and take off S  
HERM hermitage a secluded residence, usually for religious sects S  
HLL hill a rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m T  
HLLS hills rounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m T  
ADMDH historical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level A  
ADM1H historical first-order administrative division a former first-order administrative division A  
ADM4H historical fourth-order administrative division a former fourth-order administrative division A  
PCLH historical political entity a former political entity A  
PPLH historical populated place a populated place that no longer exists P  
RRH historical railroad a former permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances R  
RSTNH historical railroad station a former facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight S  
RGNH historical region a former area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics L  
ADM2H historical second-order administrative division a former second-order administrative division A  
HSTS historical site a place of historical importance S  
ADM3H historical third-order administrative division a former third-order administrative division A  
UFHU historical undersea feature an undersea feature whose existence has been subsequently disproved U  
HMSD homestead a residence, owner’s or manager’s, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand S  
HSP hospital a building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated S  
SPNT hot spring(s) a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground H  
HTL hotel a building providing lodging and/or meals for the public S  
HSE house(s) a building used as a human habitation S  
DEVH housing development a tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan L  
RESH hunting reserve a tract of land used primarily for hunting L  
HUT hut a small primitive house S  
HUTS huts small primitive houses S  
PSH hydroelectric power station a building where electricity is generated from water power S  
CAPG icecap a dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet H  
DPRG icecap depression a comparatively depressed area on an icecap H  
DOMG icecap dome a comparatively elevated area on an icecap H  
RDGG icecap ridge a linear elevation on an icecap H  
PCLI independent political entity independent political entity A  
INDS industrial area an area characterized by industrial activity L  
INLT inlet a narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water H  
STNI inspection station a station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected S  
TRGD interdune trough(s) a long wind-swept trough between parallel longitudinal dunes T  
INTF interfluve a relatively undissected upland between adjacent stream valleys T  
LKI intermittent lake intermittent lake H  
LKSI intermittent lakes intermittent lakes H  
LKOI intermittent oxbow lake intermittent oxbow lake H  
PNDI intermittent pond intermittent pond H  
PNDSI intermittent ponds intermittent ponds H  
POOLI intermittent pool intermittent pool H  
RSVI intermittent reservoir intermittent reservoir H  
LKNI intermittent salt lake intermittent salt lake H  
LKSNI intermittent salt lakes intermittent salt lakes H  
PNDNI intermittent salt pond(s) intermittent salt pond(s) H  
STMI intermittent stream intermittent stream H  
WTLDI intermittent wetland intermittent wetland H  
RDIN intersection a junction of two or more highways by a system of separate levels that permit traffic to pass from one to another without the crossing of traffic streams S  
MNFE iron mine(s) a mine where iron ore is extracted S  
FLDI irrigated field(s) a tract of level or terraced land which is irrigated L  
CNLI irrigation canal a canal which serves as a main conduit for irrigation water H  
DTCHI irrigation ditch a ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water H  
SYSI irrigation system a network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc. H  
ISL island a tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water T  
ISLS islands tracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water T  
STLMT Israeli settlement Israeli settlement P  
ISTH isthmus a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water T  
JTY jetty a structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting S  
KRST karst area a distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage T  
CMPLA labor camp a camp used by migrant or temporary laborers S  
LGN lagoon a shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature H  
LGNS lagoons shallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature H  
LK lake a large inland body of standing water H  
LBED lake bed(s) a dried up or drained area of a former lake H  
CHNL lake channel(s) that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc. H  
RGNL lake region a tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes L  
LKS lakes large inland bodies of standing water H  
ISLT land-tied island a coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes T  
LNDF landfill a place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land S  
LDNG landing a place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities S  
LAVA lava area an area of solidified lava T  
MNPB lead mine(s) a mine where lead ore is extracted S  
LTER leased area a tract of land leased by the United Kingdom from the People’s Republic of China to form part of Hong Kong A  
LEPC leper colony a settled area inhabited by lepers in relative isolation S  
HSPL leprosarium an asylum or hospital for lepers S  
LEV levee a natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods T  
LTHSE lighthouse a distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light S  
MFGLM limekiln a furnace in which limestone is reduced to lime S  
GOVL local government office a facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall S  
LCTY locality a minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries L  
LOCK lock(s) a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another S  
CMPL logging camp a camp used by loggers S  
STMSB lost river a surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area H  
MVA maneuver area a tract of land where military field exercises are carried out L  
ISLM mangrove island a mangrove swamp surrounded by a waterbody T  
MGV mangrove swamp a tropical tidal mud flat characterized by mangrove vegetation H  
MAR marina a harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc. S  
CHNM marine channel that part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable H  
SCHN maritime school a school at which maritime sciences form the core of the curriculum S  
MKT market a place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals S  
MRSH marsh(es) a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation H  
MDW meadow a small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation V  
NKM meander neck a narrow strip of land between the two limbs of a meander loop at its narrowest point T  
CTRM medical center a complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor’s offices, etc. S  
MESA mesa(s) a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau T  
STNM meteorological station a station at which weather elements are recorded S  
MILB military base a place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated L  
INSM military installation a facility for use of and control by armed forces S  
SCHM military school a school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum S  
ML mill(s) a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products S  
MN mine(s) a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages S  
MNA mining area an area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted L  
CMPMN mining camp a camp used by miners S  
MSSN mission a place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion S  
MOLE mole a massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater S  
MSTY monastery a building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion S  
MNMT monument a commemorative structure or statue S  
MOOR moor(s) an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils H  
MRN moraine a mound, ridge, or other accumulation of glacial till T  
MSQE mosque a building for public Islamic worship S  
MND mound(s) a low, isolated, rounded hill T  
MT mountain an elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more T  
MTS mountains a mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges T  
FLTM mud flat(s) a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding H  
MFGM munitions plant a factory where ammunition is made S  
MUS museum a building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited S  
NRWS narrows a navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc. H  
TNLN natural tunnel a cave that is open at both ends R  
RESN nature reserve an area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat L  
NVB naval base an area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated L  
CNLN navigation canal(s) a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels H  
CHNN navigation channel a buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels H  
MNNI nickel mine(s) a mine where nickel ore is extracted S  
NOV novitiate a religious house or school where novices are trained S  
PSN nuclear power station nuclear power station S  
NTK nunatak a rock or mountain peak protruding through glacial ice T  
NTKS nunataks rocks or mountain peaks protruding through glacial ice T  
NSY nursery(-ies) a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting S  
OAS oasis(-es) an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water L  
OBPT observation point a wildlife or scenic observation point S  
OBS observatory a facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena S  
OCN ocean one of the major divisions of the vast expanse of salt water covering part of the earth H  
BLDO office building commercial building where business and/or services are conducted S  
CMPO oil camp a camp used by oilfield workers S  
ESTO oil palm plantation an estate specializing in the cultivation of oil palm trees S  
OILP oil pipeline a pipeline used for transporting oil R  
OILJ oil pipeline junction a section of an oil pipeline where two or more pipes join together S  
TRMO oil pipeline terminal a tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline S  
PMPO oil pumping station a facility for pumping oil through a pipeline S  
OILR oil refinery a facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products S  
OILW oil well a well from which oil may be pumped S  
OILF oilfield an area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value L  
GRVO olive grove a planting of olive trees V  
MLO olive oil mill a mill where oil is extracted from olives S  
OCH orchard(s) a planting of fruit or nut trees V  
MLM ore treatment plant a facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration S  
OVF overfalls an area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current H  
LKO oxbow lake a crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams H  
PGDA pagoda a tower-like storied structure, usually a Buddhist shrine S  
PAL palace a large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence S  
GRVP palm grove a planting of palm trees V  
RESP palm tree reserve an area of palm trees where use is controlled L  
PAN pan a near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool T  
PANS pans a near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool T  
PRSH parish an ecclesiastical district A  
PRK park an area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation L  
PRKGT park gate a controlled access to a park S  
PRKHQ park headquarters a park administrative facility S  
GARG parking garage a building or underground facility used exclusively for parking vehicles S  
PKLT parking lot an area used for parking vehicles S  
PASS pass a break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap] T  
PSTP patrol post a post from which patrols are sent out S  
PK peak a pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature T  
PKS peaks pointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features T  
PEAT peat cutting area an area where peat is harvested L  
PEN peninsula an elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water T  
BSNP petroleum basin an area underlain by an oil-rich structural basin L  
MFGPH phosphate works a facility for producing fertilizer S  
PIER pier a structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation S  
GRVPN pine grove a planting of pine trees V  
MNPL placer mine(s) a place where heavy metals are concentrated and running water is used to extract them from unconsolidated sediments S  
PLN plain(s) an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area T  
PLAT plateau an elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams T  
PT point a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape T  
PTS points tapering pieces of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape T  
PLDR polder an area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining T  
PP police post a building in which police are stationed S  
PCL political entity political entity A  
PND pond a small standing waterbody H  
PNDS ponds small standing waterbodies H  
POOL pool(s) a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water H  
PPLL populated locality an area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings P  
PPL populated place a city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work P  
PPLS populated places cities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work P  
PRT port a place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor L  
PTGE portage a place where boats, goods, etc., are carried overland between navigable waters R  
PO post office a public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed S  
PS power station a facility for generating electric power S  
PRN prison a facility for confining prisoners S  
PRMN promenade a place for public walking, usually along a beach front R  
PROM promontory(-ies) a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland T  
PYR pyramid an ancient massive structure of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs S  
PYRS pyramids ancient massive structures of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs S  
MNQR quarry(-ies) a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted S  
QUAY quay a structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities S  
QCKS quicksand an area where loose sand with water moving through it may become unstable when heavy objects are placed at the surface, causing them to sink L  
RECR racetrack a track where races are held S  
OBSR radio observatory a facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space S  
STNR radio station a facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves S  
RR railroad a permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances R  
RJCT railroad junction a place where two or more railroad tracks join R  
RSD railroad siding a short track parallel to and joining the main track S  
RSGNL railroad signal a signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains S  
RSTN railroad station a facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight S  
RSTP railroad stop a place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight S  
TNLRR railroad tunnel a tunnel through which a railroad passes R  
RYD railroad yard a system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars R  
RNCH ranch(es) a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock S  
RPDS rapids a turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed H  
RVN ravine(s) a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge H  
RCH reach a straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends H  
RF reef(s) a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material H  
PRNJ reformatory a facility for confining, training, and reforming young law offenders S  
CMPRF refugee camp a camp used by refugees S  
RGN region an area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics L  
CTRR religious center a facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship S  
PPLR religious populated place a populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations P  
RLG religious site an ancient site of significant religious importance S  
ITTR research institute a facility where research is carried out S  
RESV reservation a tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations L  
RES reserve a tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use L  
RSV reservoir(s) an artificial pond or lake H  
RSRT resort a specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities S  
RHSE resthouse a structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers S  
RLGR retreat a place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups S  
RDGE ridge(s) a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest T  
RD road an open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles R  
RDB road bend a conspicuously curved or bent section of a road R  
RDCUT road cut an excavation cut through a hill or ridge for a road R  
RDJCT road junction a place where two or more roads join R  
TNLRD road tunnel a tunnel through which a road passes R  
RDST roadstead an open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor H  
RK rock a conspicuous, isolated rocky mass T  
HMDA rock desert a relatively sand-free, high bedrock plateau in a hot desert, with or without a gravel veneer T  
RKFL rockfall an irregular mass of fallen rock at the base of a cliff or steep slope T  
RKS rocks conspicuous, isolated rocky masses T  
RKRY rookery a breeding place of a colony of birds or seals S  
ESTR rubber plantation an estate which specializes in growing and tapping rubber trees S  
RUIN ruin(s) a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional S  
BDGQ ruined bridge a destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional S  
DAMQ ruined dam a destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional S  
SBKH sabkha(s) a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides H  
SDL saddle a broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains T  
SALT salt area a shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation L  
MFGN salt evaporation ponds diked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt H  
LKN salt lake an inland body of salt water with no outlet H  
LKSN salt lakes inland bodies of salt water with no outlet H  
MRSHN salt marsh a flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants H  
MNN salt mine(s) a mine from which salt is extracted S  
PNDN salt pond a small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast H  
PNDSN salt ponds small standing bodies of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast H  
SNTR sanatorium a facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated S  
SAND sand area a tract of land covered with sand T  
ERG sandy desert an extensive tract of shifting sand and sand dunes T  
STNS satellite station a facility for tracking and communicating with orbiting satellites S  
MLSW sawmill a mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes S  
SCH school building(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place S  
ADMS school district school district A  
STNB scientific research base a scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored S  
SCRB scrubland an area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation V  
SEA sea a large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean H  
SCNU seachannel a continuously sloping, elongated depression commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides U  
SCSU seachannels continuously sloping, elongated depressions commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides U  
SMU seamount an elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit U  
SMSU seamounts elevations rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit U  
AIRS seaplane landing area a place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off H  
PPLA seat of a first-order administrative division seat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA) P  
PPLA4 seat of a fourth-order administrative division seat of a fourth-order administrative division P  
PPLA2 seat of a second-order administrative division seat of a second-order administrative division P  
PPLA3 seat of a third-order administrative division seat of a third-order administrative division P  
ADM2 second-order administrative division a subdivision of a first-order administrative division A  
BNKX section of bank section of bank H  
CNLX section of canal section of canal H  
ESTX section of estate section of estate S  
HBRX section of harbor section of harbor H  
PCLIX section of independent political entity section of independent political entity A  
STMIX section of intermittent stream section of intermittent stream H  
ISLX section of island section of island T  
LGNX section of lagoon section of lagoon H  
LKX section of lake section of lake H  
PENX section of peninsula section of peninsula T  
PLNX section of plain section of plain T  
PLATX section of plateau section of plateau T  
PPLX section of populated place section of populated place P  
RFX section of reef section of reef H  
STMX section of stream section of stream H  
VALX section of valley section of valley T  
WADX section of wadi section of wadi H  
FLLSX section of waterfall(s) section of waterfall(s) H  
PCLS semi-independent political entity semi-independent political entity A  
SWT sewage treatment plant facility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater S  
SHPF sheepfold a fence or wall enclosure for sheep and other small herd animals S  
SHOL shoal(s) a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material H  
SHOPC shopping center or mall an urban shopping area featuring a variety of shops surrounding a usually open-air concourse reserved for pedestrian traffic; or a large suburban building or group of buildings containing various shops with associated passageways S  
SHOR shore a narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively T  
SHRN shrine a structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept S  
SILL sill the low part of a gap or saddle separating basins H  
SINK sinkhole a small crater-shape depression in a karst area T  
ESTSL sisal plantation an estate that specializes in growing sisal S  
SLID slide a mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area T  
SLP slope(s) a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle T  
SLCE sluice a conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate S  
SNOW snowfield an area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier L  
SD sound a long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water H  
SPA spa a resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring S  
CTRS space center a facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles S  
SPLY spillway a passage or outlet through which surplus water flows over, around or through a dam S  
SPIT spit a narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody T  
SPNG spring(s) a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground H  
SPUR spur(s) a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation T  
SQR square a broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city S  
STBL stable a building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses S  
STDM stadium a structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators S  
STPS steps stones or slabs placed for ease in ascending or descending a steep slope S  
STKR stock route a route taken by livestock herds R  
REG stony desert a desert plain characterized by a surface veneer of gravel and stones T  
RET store a building where goods and/or services are offered for sale S  
SHSE storehouse a building for storing goods, especially provisions S  
STRT strait a relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water H  
STM stream a body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land H  
BNKR stream bank a sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land H  
STMB stream bend a conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream H  
STMGS stream gauging station named place where a measuring station for a watercourse, reservoir or other water body exists S  
STMM stream mouth(s) a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea H  
STMS streams bodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land H  
ST street a paved urban thoroughfare R  
DAMSB sub-surface dam a dam put down to bedrock in a sand river S  
SUBW subway a railroad used for mass public transportation primarily in urban areas, all or part of the system may be located below, above, or at ground level S  
SUBS subway station a facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading subway passengers S  
MLSG sugar mill a facility where sugar cane is processed into raw sugar S  
ESTSG sugar plantation an estate that specializes in growing sugar cane S  
MFGSG sugar refinery a facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar S  
SPNS sulphur spring(s) a place where sulphur ground water flows naturally out of the ground H  
SWMP swamp a wetland dominated by tree vegetation H  
SYG synagogue a place for Jewish worship and religious instruction S  
TMTU tablemount (or guyot) a seamount having a comparatively smooth, flat top U  
TMSU tablemounts (or guyots) seamounts having a comparatively smooth, flat top U  
TAL talus slope a steep concave slope formed by an accumulation of loose rock fragments at the base of a cliff or steep slope T  
OILT tank farm a tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored S  
ESTT tea plantation an estate which specializes in growing tea bushes S  
SCHT technical school post-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum S  
TMPL temple(s) an edifice dedicated to religious worship S  
AIRT terminal airport facilities for the handling of freight and passengers S  
TRR terrace a long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody T  
TERR territory territory A  
ADM3 third-order administrative division a subdivision of a second-order administrative division A  
CRKT tidal creek(s) a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents H  
FLTT tidal flat(s) a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide H  
MNSN tin mine(s) a mine where tin ore is extracted S  
TOLL toll gate/barrier highway toll collection station S  
TMB tomb(s) a structure for interring bodies S  
TOWR tower a high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter S  
RDCR traffic circle a road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only S  
TRL trail a path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles R  
TRANT transit terminal facilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers S  
TREE tree(s) a conspicuous tree used as a landmark V  
TRIG triangulation station a point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation S  
TRB tribal area a tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes L  
TUND tundra a marshy, treeless, high latitude plain, dominated by mosses, lichens, and low shrub vegetation under permafrost conditions V  
TNL tunnel a subterranean passageway for transportation R  
TNLS tunnels subterranean passageways for transportation R  
CNLSB underground irrigation canal(s) a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers H  
LKSB underground lake a standing body of water in a cave H  
APNU undersea apron a gentle slope, with a generally smooth surface, particularly found around groups of islands and seamounts U  
ARCU undersea arch a low bulge around the southeastern end of the island of Hawaii U  
ARRU undersea arrugado an area of subdued corrugations off Baja California U  
BNKU undersea bank an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation U  
BKSU undersea banks elevations, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation U  
BSNU undersea basin a depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent U  
BNCU undersea bench a small terrace U  
BDLU undersea borderland a region adjacent to a continent, normally occupied by or bordering a shelf, that is highly irregular with depths well in excess of those typical of a shelf U  
CNYU undersea canyon a relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope U  
CNSU undersea canyons relatively narrow, deep depressions with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope U  
CDAU undersea cordillera an entire mountain system including the subordinate ranges, interior plateaus, and basins U  
ESCU undersea escarpment (or scarp) an elongated and comparatively steep slope separating flat or gently sloping areas U  
FANU undersea fan a relatively smooth feature normally sloping away from the lower termination of a canyon or canyon system U  
FLTU undersea flat a small level or nearly level area U  
FRKU undersea fork a branch of a canyon or valley U  
FRSU undersea forks a branch of a canyon or valley U  
FRZU undersea fracture zone an extensive linear zone of irregular topography of the sea floor, characterized by steep-sided or asymmetrical ridges, troughs, or escarpments U  
FURU undersea furrow a closed, linear, narrow, shallow depression U  
GAPU undersea gap a narrow break in a ridge or rise U  
GLYU undersea gully a small valley-like feature U  
HLLU undersea hill an elevation rising generally less than 500 meters U  
HLSU undersea hills elevations rising generally less than 500 meters U  
HOLU undersea hole a small depression of the sea floor U  
KNLU undersea knoll an elevation rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit U  
KNSU undersea knolls elevations rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summits U  
LDGU undersea ledge a rocky projection or outcrop, commonly linear and near shore U  
LEVU undersea levee an embankment bordering a canyon, valley, or seachannel U  
MDVU undersea median valley the axial depression of the mid-oceanic ridge system U  
MESU undersea mesa an isolated, extensive, flat-topped elevation on the shelf, with relatively steep sides U  
MOTU undersea moat an annular depression that may not be continuous, located at the base of many seamounts, islands, and other isolated elevations U  
MNDU undersea mound a low, isolated, rounded hill U  
MTU undersea mountain a well-delineated subdivision of a large and complex positive feature U  
MTSU undersea mountains well-delineated subdivisions of a large and complex positive feature U  
PKU undersea peak a prominent elevation, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit U  
PKSU undersea peaks prominent elevations, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit U  
PNLU undersea pinnacle a high tower or spire-shaped pillar of rock or coral, alone or cresting a summit U  
PLNU undersea plain a flat, gently sloping or nearly level region U  
PLTU undersea plateau a comparatively flat-topped feature of considerable extent, dropping off abruptly on one or more sides U  
PLFU undersea platform a flat or gently sloping underwater surface extending seaward from the shore U  
PRVU undersea province a region identifiable by a group of similar physiographic features whose characteristics are markedly in contrast with surrounding areas U  
RMPU undersea ramp a gentle slope connecting areas of different elevations U  
RNGU undersea range a series of associated ridges or seamounts U  
RAVU undersea ravine a small canyon U  
RFU undersea reef a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material U  
RFSU undersea reefs surface-navigation hazards composed of consolidated material U  
RDGU undersea ridge a long narrow elevation with steep sides U  
RDSU undersea ridges long narrow elevations with steep sides U  
RISU undersea rise a broad elevation that rises gently, and generally smoothly, from the sea floor U  
SDLU undersea saddle a low part, resembling in shape a saddle, in a ridge or between contiguous seamounts U  
SHFU undersea shelf a zone adjacent to a continent (or around an island) that extends from the low water line to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope towards oceanic depths U  
EDGU undersea shelf edge a line along which there is a marked increase of slope at the outer margin of a continental shelf or island shelf U  
SHVU undersea shelf valley a valley on the shelf, generally the shoreward extension of a canyon U  
SHLU undersea shoal a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material U  
SHSU undersea shoals hazards to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material U  
SILU undersea sill the low part of an underwater gap or saddle separating basins, including a similar feature at the mouth of a fjord U  
SLPU undersea slope the slope seaward from the shelf edge to the beginning of a continental rise or the point where there is a general reduction in slope U  
SPRU undersea spur a subordinate elevation, ridge, or rise projecting outward from a larger feature U  
TERU undersea terrace a relatively flat horizontal or gently inclined surface, sometimes long and narrow, which is bounded by a steeper ascending slope on one side and by a steep descending slope on the opposite side U  
TNGU undersea tongue an elongate (tongue-like) extension of a flat sea floor into an adjacent higher feature U  
TRNU undersea trench a long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides U  
TRGU undersea trough a long depression of the sea floor characteristically flat bottomed and steep sided, and normally shallower than a trench U  
VALU undersea valley a relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient U  
VLSU undersea valleys a relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient U  
USGE United States Government Establishment a facility operated by the United States Government in Panama S  
UPLD upland an extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief T  
VAL valley an elongated depression usually traversed by a stream T  
VALS valleys elongated depressions usually traversed by a stream T  
VETF veterinary facility a building or camp at which veterinary services are available S  
VIN vineyard a planting of grapevines V  
VINS vineyards plantings of grapevines V  
VLC volcano a conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top T  
WAD wadi a valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East H  
WADB wadi bend a conspicuously curved or bent segment of a wadi H  
WADJ wadi junction a place where two or more wadies join H  
WADM wadi mouth the lower terminus of a wadi where it widens into an adjoining floodplain, depression, or waterbody H  
WADS wadies valleys or ravines, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season become watercourses; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East H  
WALL wall a thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure S  
MLWTR water mill a mill powered by running water S  
PMPW water pumping station a facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline S  
RSVT water tank a contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level H  
WTRC watercourse a natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water H  
FLLS waterfall(s) a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream H  
WTRH waterhole(s) a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas H  
WTRW waterworks a facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds S  
WEIR weir(s) a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel S  
WLL well a cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface H  
WLLS wells cylindrical holes, pits, or tunnels drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface H  
WTLD wetland an area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation H  
STNW whaling station a facility for butchering whales and processing train oil S  
WHRF wharf(-ves) a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities S  
WHRL whirlpool a turbulent, rotating movement of water in a stream H  
RESW wildlife reserve a tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife L  
MLWND windmill a mill or water pump powered by wind S  
WRCK wreck the site of the remains of a wrecked vessel S  
ZN zone zone A  
ZOO zoo a zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition S